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The youth team training system at English clubs

The youth team training system in English clubs is the foundation of the country’s football tradition, turning promising young players into world-class footballers. It not only promotes the development of national talents, but also welcomes young players from all over the world.

The youth training structure in England is built on a systematic approach and uses advanced technology like seven casino, scientific teaching methods and rigorous training programmes that comply with both national and international regulations.

Youth team structures

Youth team structures at English clubs often start at pre-academy level and focus on players aged between six years old and the transition to the club’s youth academy. The main point on this roadmap is the U-18 level, where players are allowed to sign their first professional contracts. They then progress to the U-23 level (also called the reserve team or “B” team), which often serves as the last step before progressing to the senior team.

Elite Player Performance Plan (EPPP)

The Elite Player Performance Plan (EPPP), introduced by the Premier League in 2012, was designed to improve the quality and quantity of domestic players. The EPPP divides English football academies into four tiers, with the top tier clubs required to provide the highest standards of coaching, education and facilities. It also encourages player development through increased contact hours and more playing programmes.

Training System

The training system at youth level relies heavily on a long-term player development model. It consists of four areas of development: technical/tactical, physical, psychological and social elements.

  • Technical/tactical: players are trained to improve their skills, control, passing, as well as understanding team shape, movement without the ball and game strategy.
  • Psychological: emphasis is placed on growth mindset, concentration, motivation, coping with successes and failures, and decision making on and off the field.
  • Social: this includes teaching players discipline, teamwork, communication, dealing with pressure and respect for others.

These elements are woven into every level of play, and as players progress, training intensity and positional attachment become increasingly important.

Facilities and resources

Top tier clubs often invest heavily in academic facilities with state-of-the-art training pitches, fitness centres and medical facilities, classrooms and even accommodation. These facilities help create a controlled environment that is optimal for player development. Clubs also often utilise a tiered staff structure including coaches, sports scientists, nutritionists, physiotherapists and psychologists.

Pathways to the senior level

After graduating from a youth academy, players often either move directly to a senior team or go rounds including loan to other clubs or gaining experience in lower divisions. It depends on the readiness of the players and the strategy of the clubs.

Leading English football clubs often have extensive academic systems in place to identify, develop and nurture young talent. This process involves several stages, each designed to provide players with the necessary skills, resources and opportunities to transition into professional football.

Here is a typical process for an academy

  • Youth Scouting

Club scouts regularly attend regional and school matches to identify promising young players. The selected players are then invited to attend a club’s youth academy for a viewing.

  • Youth academies

Players aged seven and above can join a youth academy. Here they receive high quality training, compete in organised leagues and tournaments against other academies and their progress is regularly assessed.

  • Training and education

Players in academies undergo rigorous training to improve their technical skills, muscle mass and tactical awareness. Meanwhile, they continue with their regular education so that they have options if a football career doesn’t pan out.

  • Performance monitoring

Throughout their time in the academy, players’ performances are constantly monitored and evaluated. This can include coach reviews, video analysis and even tracking physical and physiological data.


The English clubs’ youth team training system demonstrates an impressive balance of skill development, physical fitness, mental toughness and social adaptability. It has produced some of the best players in the world, demonstrating its effectiveness. As the world of football continues to evolve, the youth training structure at English clubs is constantly improving to remain at the highest level, preparing young people for the challenges of the modern game.



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